Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography
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Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography in english

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography in english

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was an Indian politician and the sixth President of the country. Before becoming the President, he worked on several important political positions. Among them is the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, twice the Speaker of Lok Sabha and Minister in the Union Cabinet.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, who started his career with the Indian National Congress during Independence Movement, became the first person to become the President of India at the young age. He got a failure as a presidential candidate for the first time when he lost to V. V. Giri with very little difference, but for the second time, the candidate was elected uncontested president.

For the first time he was a Congress party candidate and lost unexpectedly, but for the second time, non-Congress parties made him a candidate, after which he was elected president.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

The early life of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

Neelam Sanjeev Reddy was born on 19th May 1913 in a Telugu-speaking family in the village of Ilur in the Madras Presidency.

His early education took place at the Theosophical High School of Adyar (Madras) and later he got admission in ‘Government Arts College Anantapur (affiliated to the University of Madras)’ for the undergraduate.

In 1929, a new twist came in his life when Mahatma Gandhi visited Anantapur during the independence movement.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Role of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy’s Independence Movement

Impressed by Mahatma Gandhi’s words, he left his studies in 1931 and jumped into the freedom movement. After that he was associated with the ‘Youth League’, and the student participated in Satyagraha.

In 1938 he was elected secretary of the Andhra Pradesh Provincial Congress Committee. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy remained in this position for ten years. During the Quit India movement, he went to jail and stayed in prison between 1940 and 1945.

The government had abandoned them in March 1942, but again in August 1942, the Quit India Movement was arrested. They were arrested and sent to Amaravati jail where T. Prakasham detained them, S. Satyamurthy, K. Kamaraj and V.V. Giri were kept with the agitators.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Political career of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

In 1946, he was elected to the Madras Legislative Assembly and became the Secretary of the Congress Legislature Party. Later he was made a member of ‘Indian Constituent Assembly’ from Madras.

From April 1949 to April 1951, he was Minister of Housing, Forest and Prohibition in Madras State. In 1951, he lost the election to the Madras Legislative Assembly.

In 1951, N. G. Beating President of Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee, defeating Ranga When Andhra Pradesh was formed in 1953, T. Prakasham became the Chief Minister, and Neelam Sanjiva Reddy became Deputy Chief Minister.

Later, when Telangana was inducted into Andhra Pradesh, Reddy became the Chief Minister and remained in the post from 1 November 1956 to 11 January 1960. From March 1962 to February 1964, Reddy once again became Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.

Nagarjuna Sagar and Srisailam Multipurpose River Valley Projects started in their tenure only. In the tenure of Reddy, the Andhra Pradesh Government has taken note of the development of agriculture and allied sectors.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was elected president of Indian National Congress three times between 1960 and 1962. He was also a member of Rajya Sabha three times. In 1966, he was Minister of Steel and Mining in the Lal Bahadur Shastri Cabinet, and between January 1966 and March 1967, he took over the transport, civil aviation, shipping and tourism ministry in the Indira Gandhi Government.

In the Lok Sabha elections of 1967, Reddy became a Member of Parliament from Hindupur in Andhra Pradesh and on March 17, he was elected the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. He resigned from the Congress party to keep the Speaker’s post neutral and independent.

He called the president a guardian of the Parliament and on several occasions also took a protest against Indira Gandhi, whose fault she had to suffer during President’s election two years later.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

1969 presidential election

After the death of President Zakir Hussain in 1969, the Congress party chose Reddy as the President’s candidate, but Prime Minister Indira Gandhi opposed her candidature because she was involved in the anti-Indira Gandhi faction and Indira felt that if Reddy would win the elections, Then they can be removed from the post of Prime Minister.

Indira told her MPs and MLAs that they vote on their “conscience’s voice”. The result was that Reddy lost the election with independent candidate V.V. Giri.

After this, Reddy, who had resigned as the Lok Sabha Speaker to contest the presidential election, retired from active politics and went to Anandpur to get engaged in agricultural work.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Return to active politics and the presidency

After the slogan of Jayaprakash Narayan’s entire affair, Reddy came out of political exile and won the National Lok Sabha seat on Janata Party ticket in 1977 elections. He was elected the President of the Sixth Lok Sabha on March 26, 1977, but after a few months, he resigned as president for the presidential election.

Presidential elections were held after the death of President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed in 1977, in which Sapphire Sanjeev Reddy was elected unopposed president without a vote. With this, he became the president who became the youngest president. At that time his age was 65 years.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy took the oath of President on July 25, 1977. During his tenure, he worked with three different governments – Morarji Desai, Chaudhary Charan Singh and Indira Gandhi.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Biography

Retirement and death

After completing his tenure on July 25, 1982, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy went to Anantapur and engaged himself in agricultural work. Karnataka Chief Minister Ramakrishna Hegde had invited him to settle in Bangalore, but he chose his beloved city Anantapur to spend the rest of his life. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy died due to pneumonia on 1 June 1996 in the city of Bangalore.

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